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Carpenter Costin Blog

Can Cabling & Bracing Save My Tree?

Here in the northeast we commonly experience heavy snow and ice in the winter, high winds during storms all year, and heavy foliage on our beautiful trees, especially in the summer and fall. While most hardy New Englanders can handle the shifts in the weather and the sometimes harsh storms, our precious trees sometimes need some help to remain structurally sound. That’s where cabling and bracing can help trees bear the brunt of these weather phenomena and remain healthy throughout the year. 


What is Cabling and Bracing? 

Cabling and bracing are two proactive and preventative techniques used to support a tree, or grouping of trees, that may have a weak or poor structure due to weather, disease, or environmental reasons. 

Certified arborists often use these techniques to help fix structural integrity when they diagnose a tree as being in crisis. These rescue methods can help a tree regain its health while averting a structural failure. 


Signs a Tree May Need Cabling or Bracing 

Trees across Massachusetts face a number of hazards throughout the year from drought, to severe weather to the growth of fungus and pests. These issues can cause a few situations where trees may need to be braced or cabled to provide much needed support. 

Some of signs that could cause structural failure and the need for cabling or bracing include: 

  • Split branches 
  • Poor root systems
  • Areas of decay or rot
  • Cracked limb structure
  • Signs of pest infestation
  • Improper pruning


Saving a Tree with Cabling & Bracing 

Each tree situation is different, but our certified arborists can evaluate the cause of the structural issue and determine the best course of action to help save your tree whether it is relieving the stress on the tree through baling and bracing or if complete removal is needed. 

The Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA) explains that cabling and bracing is an extremely specific science that can add 10 to 15 years of healthy life to a tree. Tree care specialists and certified arborists can follow the national standards set forth by TCIA to help lengthen the life of a struggling tree through the use of these specialized tools. 

By properly placing cables between limbs, arborists can help redistribute the load of weight, allowing the limbs or trunks to support each other. Likewise, bracing rods are often used to support splitting limbs by bolting them together.  Both of these techniques are meant to provide supplemental support, especially during times of crisis such as wind storms, heavy snow, or hurricanes. 

Minimizing the movement of branches and limbs during a storm through these rescue methods can dramatically help stop the splitting and weakening of the tree as a whole. It can also stop weakened branches from falling and causing injury to people or damage to surrounding structures. Sadly, the process is not a full solution but rather an attempt to stop any further structural problems and shore up the structure to give the tree a fighting chance. 


They're Baaaaack! Brood X Cicadas are Emerging

You’ve probably heard it on the news about the emergence of Brood X Cicadas making their debut. You also might be wondering what the buzz is all about? 

If you’re traveling along the eastern seaboard or the Midwest in the next couple of days and weeks, you will be hard pressed to find a surface that is not covered with millions, if not billions of these humming, buzzing creatures. After 17 years underground, they have begun to emerge enmass across the Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, and Southeastern regions of the United States. 

While the New England region is not within the 15 state radius where they are expected to emerge, this phenomenon is still an environmental marvel that we love to examine a bit closer in today’s blog. 

molting cicada

What is Brood X? 

According to National Geographic, there are approximately 3,000 varieties of Cicadas worldwide. Some varieties emerge every year, mate, and begin the cycle of life going from eggs to nymphs to full grown adults. After taking about 6-10 weeks for the eggs to hatch and develop into nymphs, the Cicada then burrows itself into the ground where it sucks the liquids of plant and tree roots. There the Cicadas remain until they emerge from the ground. 

When they emerge depends upon what variety and region. For instance, some Cicadas emerge every year while others, like Brood X, wait 17 years in their cyclical pattern to re-emerge. 

2021 marks the point in Brood X’s cycle where they come out of hiding and begin to look for a mate to start the process all over again. 


What You Should Know About Brood X Cicadas

Since most of us live in Massachusetts or the New England region, we have little to worry about when it comes to these rather loud, often creepy critters that can damage trees during the egg-laying process. Here are a few facts that may help you as you watch the news or watch with wonder as the Great Eastern Brood (also known as Brood X) emerges. 

  • Cicadas do put stress on trees in a number of ways. First the adults eat the leaves of the trees. Thankfully, this is usually cosmetic in nature and can be remedied with pruning. However, when the females lay their eggs under the bark of a tree, twig, or branch the wood is in danger of splitting, also known as “flagging” in the arborist world. Finally, Cicada larvae tunnels into the ground and sustains itself on the juice of the roots of nearby trees and plants. This feeding process can rob a tree of its nutrients. 
  • Cicada sightings can be tracked on the Cicada Mapping app.
  • In Brood X, only the male Cicadas can sing to attract a mate. While much of their buzzing and calls are a mystery, it is believed that the sound is produced within the membranes called tymbals, and their hollow abdomens amplify the call.  
  • Cicadas wait for the perfect conditions to emerge. They wait for the right conditions for breeding, which are when the ground thaws to 65°F (18°C) in a brood’s designated year. (National Geographic) 
  • Cicadas are referred to as different “Broods” labelled with Roman numerals. They usually emerge in intervals of 13 to 17 years. That means that most years some brood will be emerging. This year (2021) just happens to be a largely anticipated year since this 17 year periodical emergence is expected to be one of the largest in recent history. 

Follow along with the news reports on where the latest Cicadas are emerging and how many they estimate to be buzzing. Just be careful, they can hit over 100 decibels as they make their calls! 

Invasive Beetle Alert: Emerald Ash Borer

The small invasive beetle known as the Emerald Ash Borer is devastating Ash tree species across Middlesex, Essex and 9 other Massachusetts counties this spring. Homeowners should be aware of the potential pest and know their options when it comes to treatment or ways to help prevent the spread of this beetle. 


What Is the Emerald Ash Borer? 

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) is a small, metallic green beetle that was initially identified in the United States in the area surrounding Detroit, Michigan in the summer of 2002. Since that time it has spread violently across the nation and can be found in 35 states as well as five provinces in Canada. 

Since its discovery, the EAB has killed hundreds and millions of Ash trees across the country. In response, the USDA enforced a quarantine on Ash tree firewood and mulch. The goal of this quarantine (which has been lifted in Massachusetts as of January 2021,) is to slow the spread of this pest and give the Ash trees a fighting chance. 

What’s the Danger of the Emerald Ash Borer? 

How dangerous can a small beetle be, you ask? 

Extremely dangerous, according to the Massachuestts state site dedicated to the identification, prevention, and treatment of the EAB. 

In the course of just a few years (between 3-5 years) an Ash tree can go from showing small signs of an infestation in the form of dieback on the upper canopy of leaves to full mortality with the disruption of the tree’s nutrient movement. 

Invasive species experts explain that the adult beetles do little damage to the Ash foliage, that the real problem occurs during the larvae or immature stage of development. The larvae feed on the inner bark of ash trees, disrupting the tree's ability to transport water and nutrients. (Source: US Dept of Agriculture

emerald-ash-borer-1447682_1920-jpgSigns of Damage 

The Emerald Ash Borer is hard to spot with an untrained eye. Sadly, most infestations are several years old by the time they are noticed by homeowners. At that point the life of the tree is in jeopardy. 

However, most entomologists know the signs to be aware of to treat and stop the spread of this highly invasive pest. These include: 


  • Defoliation in the upper canopy
  • Branch death in the upper canopy
  • Growth of new branches where they can get nutrients such as at the base of the tree (epicormic sprouting) 
  • Signs of woodpecker damage since woodpeckers seek out EAB larvae
  • D-shaped exit holes in the bark may indicate adult EAB 
  • S-shaped galleries in the areas beneath the bark (indicates larvae feeding) 
  • Vertically split bark which can indicate galleries of larvae underneath

What Can Be Done About EAB? 

Homeowners should have regular inspections of the trees in their yard. Most Emerald Ash Borers will not be recognizable without keeping a close eye on the growth of the problem. Often if the problem has gone on too long the tree may be unsalvageable.

Professional arborists are able to use spray and injectable treatments to keep your trees safe but need to do so before the infestation has gotten too far. Once detected, often the goal is to stop the spread to other trees in the area. 

Environmental methods such as using natural enemies of the EAB could help. For instance, woodpeckers and wasps could help along with professional treatments by trained arborists. 

The state of Massachusetts in partnership with the Forest Health Program has implemented a trapping program to continue emerald ash borer detections in the state. The trapping program allows state foresters to find new infestations, map the progression and spread of known populations, and determine sites suitable for biocontrol releases.

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Controlling and Preventing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Infestation

Ensure your Hemlocks are safe from this invasive pest 

Hemlocks are wonderful trees to have in your landscape, and their density makes them a great choice for planting in privacy screens. However, without proper care, Hemlocks are very susceptible to Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, which can seriously damage and eventually kill your Hemlocks.

What is Hemlock Woolly Adelgid?


Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (HWA) are tiny, aphid-like insects that are barely visible. It is atypical of most other insect species as it is in a dormant stage for much of the growing season and starts to be active mid-October through the winter.

When is Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Active?

As temperatures begin to cool in the fall, Hemlock Woolly Adelgid leaves its summer dormancy to feast on the Eastern Hemlocks. Depending on the temperature, this usually occurs between late September and October.

By mid-February HWA starts producing new egg masses. This is when most people become aware of this pest because of the white, cottony egg masses that are lined up at the base of the needles of their Hemlocks. Then by mid-July, the immature insects settle on the stems, at the base of the needles, and become dormant, neither feeding nor developing. Preventative or controlling treatments at this time are best as they will keep the pests at bay all fall, winter, and into the spring – when they are most devastating to Hemlocks.

How Does Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Damage Trees?

Unlike other insects, such as Winter Moths, that feed on the leaves, needles, twigs, or new buds of trees, the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (HWA) does not damage Hemlocks by feeding. The Hemlock Woolly Adelgid sucks the sap from Hemlock needles but also introduces a chemical from its saliva which acts as a toxin. This toxin accelerates the demise of the tree. The loss of sap will cause needles to brown and drop, leaving trees unable to produce food and energy via photosynthesis.

Healthy trees, in good growing sites, may withstand infestations for 5-10 years before being seriously affected. Trees stressed from drought, soil compaction or those in poor growing sites may succumb to HWA within 3 years. Hemlocks infested with Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, usually stick out like a sore thumb, as the rich green color is replaced by a grayish or yellowish hue. In a group of Hemlocks, you can usually pick out one infested with HWA fairly easily.

Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Affecting Mass amount of Trees

This pest attacks both the Eastern (Canada) Hemlock and the Carolina Hemlock, two species common to New England. The Western Hemlock is resistant to this pest, but does not grow well in the Northeast.

Preventing and Managing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid

Once this pest has been identified on Hemlocks, it must be handled quickly. Applications of horticultural oil have been shown to be extremely effective against Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. For the best preventative measures, the foliar applications should be in both early spring and fall to keep your Hemlocks free of this pest.

The horticultural oil kills the organism by suffocation and is effective against all life stages, including the eggs. Hemlocks that have already been infested may require more treatments to kill the pest, and keep it from returning.

For trees that have already been seriously infested, we recommend pairing a foliar application with a soil injection treatment for the best chance of saving the Hemlock tree. However, if the toxin from their saliva has already infiltrated the tree and it may take a while for the tree to rebound. It can take an entire year or more until the toxicity in the tree is reduced.

The common misconception among homeowners with treated Hemlocks is that they think the tree is still infested because they see the small “white spots” on their trees. What really happens when treatments are applied correctly is that the insects are killed, but their woolly protective covering remains on the tree. Over time the woolly covering (white spots) will fall off.

Once the pest has been brought under control, the trees continue to require once or twice yearly treatments as well as regular pruning to prevent infestation. Untreated trees in surrounding areas will act a reservoir for this pest and serve to re-infest treated trees. HWA spreads through wind and birds which are primarily responsible for the movement of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid from tree to tree.


Controlling and preventing Hemlock Woolly Adelgid is relatively straight forward, and the insects can be killed quickly. Hemlocks should be treated for HWA every year. Even if your Hemlocks have not been infested, these pests have spread so rapidly that there is no way to ensure your trees will remain free of infestation. The most popular question regarding HWA treatments is, “What does it cost?” Depending on the number and size of trees to be treated. The cost of removing and/or replacing the dead Hemlocks is significantly greater than the investment in HWA preventative treatments, so keeping your Hemlocks safe and healthy with preventative treatments is always a wise idea.

If you have Hemlocks on your property it is a good idea to schedule a free inspection with a Certified Arborist to ensure the health and safety of your Hemlock trees. Request a free evaluation below.


Editors Note: This post was originally published in April 2012 and has been completely revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Apple Scab: A Fungal Disease

Apple Scab: A Common Fungus

Apple Scab-1

Apple and Crabapple trees are very popular across our region; however, without proper care they can become infested with unwanted apple scab, effectively devastating the leaves and fruit.

Apple scab is a fungus that can infect the leaves and fruit of both apple and crabapple trees, and also mountain ash and pear trees. Scab appears as a brown velvet-like lesion, and it thrives during the wet periods of the spring and summer. It needs to be treated during the growing season.



How does Apple Scab affect my Tree?

Apple scab will be more of a problem to susceptible crabapple cultivars. Once the tree is infected the leaves will eventually turn yellow and fall prematurely. Highly susceptible crabapple trees can lose a majority of their leaves by mid-summer. This will cause the tree to become much weaker. Apple scab does not kill your trees but it can greatly affect its aesthetics as well as the growth of the fruit and yes, crabapples are edible! In severe cases it can reduce or completely eliminate the fruit yield for an entire growing season.

The Disease Cycle

Apple scab overwinters on leaves that are infected that had been shed already. Once the rainy days start to come in spring, the spores then are expelled from the infected leaves and are moved around by air currents and splashes of rain where they can then start new infections. If the weather is favorable (rainy/moist) it can enable the leaf spots that are infected to mature and produce new fungal spore which will reach the nearby leaves and in turn spreading the disease. Excessive rainfall in the prime seasons (spring and summer) often results in the disease coming back again with more severity.

How to Manage Apple Scab

  • Proper care measures include pruning in the late winter or early spring to increase airflow and remove any infected areas; however, it is best to prune when conditions are dry. Pruning during wet periods can actually aid in the spreading of scab.
  • Raking and destroying the leaves as they fall should reduce the severity of the disease next season as the fungus overwinters on partially decayed leaves.
  • Topical fungicide applications are also recommended every year to help prevent infestation on susceptible trees. 
    • Chemical fungicides are used for two purposes:
      1. Preventative: Sprayed on the leaves and fruit prior to infection. This will help effectively prevent the fungal spores from germinating or penetrating the host.2. Curative: Applied shortly after infection can hinder the development of the fungus which will limit the progression of the disease.

Being aware of scab now will help you prevent it next season. If your apples and crabapples were not treated for scab this spring, we recommend inspecting them to see if scab has developed. If so, we recommend you take the proper care measures beginning next March or April in order to prevent apple scab.

Pest Management Consultation

If you have any questions or concerns please don't hesitate to reach out to us at 877-308-8733! All estimates are free of charge. We look forward to hearing from you.

Editors Note: This post was originally published in July 2011 and has been revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Importance and Value of Trees Part 2

Personal & Mental Health Benefits

Trees Improve Our Health  

Trees can help us think better and feel better. There are studies that show that people with access to trees and forests have much better overall mental health and personal health. Here are a few topics we will talk about.

Forestry on state lands Dtop

Exposure to forests and trees:

  • Boosts the immune system
  • Reduces stress
  • Improves mood
  • Increases the ability to focus
  • Increases energy level
  • Improves sleep

Trees Help Boost our Immune System

While breathing fresh air outside, we breathe in phytoncides. Phytoncides are airborne chemicals that trees and plants give off which protect them from insects. According to, people don't know that this airborne chemical contains antibacterial and anti-fungal qualities which helps them fight diseases, so when we breathe in these chemicals, our bodies respond by increasing the number of white blood cells which means we are able to fight off more virus-infected cells.

Trees Reduce Stress and Improve Your Mood

Canva - Person Walking Inside Forest

We all know one way or another that being surrounded by nature can make us feel good. Whether exercising in forests or simply looking at trees reduces blood pressure as well as the stress-related hormones cortisol and adrenaline. When listening to the sounds of the forests, the scent the trees give off and the fresh clean air it gives us a sense of comfort. According to Dr. Qing Li, in Japan they practice forest bathing or shinrin-yoku. Forest bathing is not exercise like hiking, it is just being surrounded by nature, using our senses of sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch. Researchers found when using the Profile of Mood States test after forest bathing trips it significantly decreased the scores for anxiety, depression, anger, confusion and fatigue.

Trees Help Increase Your Focus

Our lives are constantly busy with jobs, school, and socialization. When trying to focus on multiple activities or just one for a long period of time it can mentally drain us, which is known as Directed Attention Fatigue. According to nytimes' blog, there are two forms of attention: "directed" attention and "involuntary" attention. We use directed attention most of the time when we are working and studying, while involuntary attention is just an automatic response to certain events.

Canva - Person Holding and Reading Book during Daytime

Children and adults with ADHD show fewer symptoms when they have access to nature. Exposure to trees and nature aids concentration by reducing the mental fatigue. For more information on how trees helped with ADHD check out another nytimes post here

Trees Bring Community & Social Value

Tree plantings can provide an opportunity for community involvement and empowerment that will improve the quality of life in our neighborhoods. Trees are on our streets, apart of our parks, and in our backyards that create a peaceful, aesthetically pleasing environment. Ultra-violet rays are known for causing skin cancer. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Trees help shield from direct sunlight which in turn reduces the UV-B exposure by about 50%. Trees can provide protection for children at recess, playgrounds, or wherever children spend time outdoors. This increases our quality of life by bringing natural life and wildlife habitats into urban settings. 


Trees as landmarks can give a neighborhood or town a new identity and encourage pride for their neighborhood. Trees can be used for Tree Houses for children or as a creative and spiritual inspiration for adults. Trees have provided an escape for us throughout the ages.

We tend to overlook the importance of trees and the positive effects that they bring us every single day. If we take care of our trees they will take care of us. For more information on the importance and value of trees check out our previous blog Importance and Value of Trees Part 1.

If you have any questions or are interested in any of our services please feel free to reach us at 877-308-8733.  All estimates are free of charge. We look forward to hearing from you!

Schedule a Free Consultation

Importance and Value of Trees Part 1

Ecological & Environmental Value

Trees and forests are constantly cleaning our air and improving the air quality. Trees absorb CO2 and other air pollutants by removing it from the air, storing it, then releasing oxygen back into the air. In one year, a mature tree can remove as much carbon dioxide as an automobile that drives 26,000 miles generates!

Trees Clean the Air & Provide Oxygen

As mentioned above, trees clean the air and convert it into oxygen which is a byproduct of producing the carbohydrates they require to grow. Proper oxygen levels are necessary for both humans and all other animals to live.


People living in heavily polluted cities are already going to extremes and buying oxygen tanks to help 

them breathe. In one year an acre of mature trees can provide enough oxygen for 18 people. Which is why a possible solution of simply planting enough new trees in and near these cities will help provide the extra needed oxygen and reduce local air pollution.

Rain forests have often been called the lungs of the earth because they produce so much of the worlds oxygen. Trees planted anywhere in the world are beneficial to everyone due to the global air currents which allow the oxygen produced to circulate around the world!

Trees remove odors, pollutant gases like nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and ozone. Trees filter the particulates out of the air by trapping it on their bark and leaves. The chemicals within the trees go through a series of biochemical reactions which can convert them into non-harmful compounds.

Trees Cool the Streets and the City

Canva - City Landscape

On the streets and in the cities, the sun can cause buildings and pavements to hold heat and raise the temperatures. A decline in tree coverage over the years will cause the heat-absorbing roads to absorb more sunlight and in turn increase the temperature.

Trees remove humid haze which is a combination of air pollution and water particles suspended in the air.

Humid haze has many negative impacts including:

  • Traps in heat
  • Reduces visibility
  • Causes respiratory distress

Due to the small size of air pollution particles they remain dispersed rather than collecting into droplets to form clouds and rain. Large forests can dramatically reduce these hazes by giving off water vapor along with bacteria that trigger the humid hazes to form into clouds. The pollution and water then rains down into the forests where the trees and soil microorganisms break most of the pollutants down.

Trees Conserve Energy and Save Water

Trees placed strategically around your home can conserve energy needed for summer air conditioning by 30%. By reducing the energy demand for cooling in the summer, we reduce carbon dioxide and other pollution emissions from power plants. Shade from trees slows water evaporation from thirsty lawns. Newly planted trees need only fifteen gallons of water a week. As trees transpire, they increase atmospheric moisture.

Trees planted around homes will block winter winds and help reduce heating costs!

Trees Help Prevent Water Pollution

Canva - Green Trees Surrounding Lake

Trees reduce runoff by breaking rainfall which allows the water to flow down the trunk and is absorbed into the ground below the tree instead of carrying pollutants to the ocean. When the tree is mulched properly the trees act as a sponge and filters the water naturally and recharges groundwater supplies. Trees on hillsides or stream slopes slow runoff and hold the soil in place.

Trees Help Prevent Soil Erosion and Dust Storms

There are places around the world where all the original plant life has been cleared and the exposed soil has turned to dust. Without trees and vegetation to slow down the winds, hold the soil in place, and keep the soil moist, winds pick up dust and carry it hundreds of miles.

Dust storms have become big problems in areas without plant or tree cover. These dust storms cover everything in fine dust which cause mechanical failures, lung problems, loss of visibility and a number of other problems including the spread of disease.

Replanting trees in these areas of very few trees and vegetation can help make the soil healthy and moist again. This helps prevent dust storms as well as rebuilding healthy ecosystems.

Trees Provide Food and Habitat for Wildlife

Canva - Close-up Photo of Brown and Gray 4-legged Animal Stands on Gray Tree Trunk

Wherever trees are planted, wildlife and other plants are sure to follow. Trees provide food and shelter for a variety of birds, small animals and other plants. Flowers, fruits, leaves, buds, and woody parts of trees are used by many different species of animals. Each tree species has its own benefits. For example, Sycamore and Oak trees are among the many urban species that provide excellent urban homes for birds, bees, possums and squirrels.

Interested in learning more about the importance and value of trees? 

Check out our following post, "Importance and Value of Trees Part 2"


If you have any questions or concerns or are interested in any of our services please contact us at 877-308-8733.

Schedule a Free Consultation

Improper Pruning Will Kill Your Trees

How Improper Pruning Affects Your Trees

An arborist is a specialist in the cultivation and care of trees and shrubs, including tree surgery, the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of tree diseases, and the control of pests as stated by When an arborist prunes your trees, they plan how to make the certain cuts before jumping into it to make sure it is the best possible care for your tree.

Improper Pruning-1The image to the left is an example of improper tree pruning. Improper tree pruning can cause a variety of issues almost immediately but also causes severe issues long term.

Stub Cuts

One of the most common mistakes when making cuts on a tree is cutting it too close to the main trunk. When this is done, you are removing a very crucial part of the tree tissue called the branch collar, where the cells help heal the wound. Without the callous that the branch collar create to help prevent disease from entering the trunk you are simply opening a wound that allows disease and pests to affect the tree, which if left untreated can ultimately kill the tree. 

Excessive Pruning

When one third or more of a tree's canopy is removed, photosynthesis is greatly reduced, leaving the tree unable to provide enough energy to sustain itself. We strongly believe that pruning 5% - 10% of a mature tree's foliage is ideal and pruning no more than 15% to 20% is recommended for optimal tree vigor. Sunscald can also occur if sections on the trees bark are exposed to direct sunlight and heat after removal of foliage that previously sheltered the bark. This can cause cankers, as well as splits in the bark, which provides an entry point for disease and insects. 


Topping is cutting away a 50 to 100 percent of a tree's crown, or all the leafing branches across the top half of the tree. This can cause similar conditions to excessive pruning, reducing photosynthesis and causing dormant buds to become active, forcing the rapid growth of multiple shoots below each cut. The tree will need to put out a new crop of leaves soon after topping, and if it does not have the energy reserves to do so, will become seriously weakened and may die. Just like excessive pruning, sunscald may also occur as a result of topping. Topping a tree is never a recommended practice, but is sometimes done when trees outgrow their planned space, as a last result before cutting down. This pruning mistake is much more noticeable due to how it makes the tree look. This will leave you with an ugly and deformed tree that has a severely weakened branch structure. It is most common with trees that were planted in a space that is too small.


With pruning trees there are good times to prune and bad times. The proper pruning time depend on the species and the condition the tree is in. For example if a tree is already heavily stressed by growing conditions, insects or disease it would not be the best practice to heavily prune it. This would cause the tree to become more stressed while also trying to heal the wounds from pruning. Pruning too heavily in the hottest season could cause sunscald as mentioned above, which can damage the trunk bark with multiple wounds and cankers. Be sure to have a certified arborist take a look at your trees to assess their safety and health to assure their long term strength and beauty.

Proper Pruning Promotes Healthy Trees

Pruning, when done correctly will promote a happy and healthy tree! Check out why Pruning Trees and Shrubs is necessary.

If you have any questions or concerns about your trees please reach out to us at 877-308-8733.



Reasons For Pruning Trees and Shrubs

Pruning your trees and shrubs is definitely something you should be doing if you want them to be happy and healthy. If you are not already pruning your trees and shrubs or have trees and shrubs that have not been inspected or pruned before. Contact an arborist to come inspect your trees and property for a free consultation. In this post we will going over the basics of pruning your trees and shrubs.

Tracked Lift Tight Space Pruning TreeReasons To Prune Your Trees and Shrubs

  • Prune for Tree and Plant Health
  • Prune to maintain intended purposes for your landscape
  • Prune to improve appearance/aesthetics
  • Prune for the safety of people and your property

Prune For Tree Health and Plant Health

  • Remove dead or dying branches that were or are injured by disease, insect infestation, animals, storms, or other adverse mechanical damage
  • Remove branches that rub together
  • Remove branch stubs

Prune To Maintain Intended Purposes for Your Landscape

Pruning can be done in order to encourage flower and fruit development, maintain a dense hedge, and to help maintain or promote a desired plant or tree form/shape.

Prune To Improve Appearance/Aesthetics

For most landscapes, a plant or tree's natural form is best but the appearance in the landscape can be essential in the tree or plants usefulness. You want to prune to:

  • Control plant size and shape
  • Keep shrubby evergreens well-proportioned and dense
  • Remove unwanted branches, waterspouts, suckers and undesirable fruiting structures that detract from plant appearance

Prune For The Safety of People and Property

Trees can have hazardous branches or dead branches over a period of time especially after heavy winds or snow storms. With hazardous branches it is best to remove them before a storm to ensure the safety of your property and family.

To prune for safety you want to remove dead branches, prune out weak tree branches that overhang homes, garages, sidewalks, or any place where a falling limb could injury someone walking underneath. *Eliminate branches that interfere with street lights, traffic signals and overhead wires.*

*DO NOT try and prune near electrical or utility wires. You need to contact the utility companies or a city maintenance worker to handle this issue.

If you have any questions or concerns please contact us at 877-308-8733.

Kelp Treatment For Your Trees!

A New Way To Promote Healthy Trees & Shrubs

Treat Your Trees With Kelp!

Are your trees and shrubs looking stressed from the weather we have been having? Are they not blooming or vibrant in color like they used to? Consider an all-natural bio-stimulant treatment to boost growth and to promote optimal health. A soil drench of our kelp treatment can help add over 50 vitamins and minerals. Kelp contains almost every micro-nutrient in a fully chelated (immediately available) form. The algae is also full of carbohydrates, which plants use as building blocks of plant cells and are essential for plant growth. We only use the kelp species Ascophyllum nodosum, which is found only in the Atlantic Ocean. This species of kelp is known to contain the highest concentrations of micro-nutrients (magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, etc...), and is the most desirable kelp used in the organic plant health industry.

The Kelp Process

How can you spray, inject or drench a plant with Kelp? Good question! What happens is that the kelp is collected from the Atlantic Ocean which is then washed to remove salt, and then it is dried and turned into a powder. This powder is then used to create a liquid that we are able to spray, inject and drench with. Kelp has naturally occurring plant growth hormones known as gibberellins and cytokines. These hormones help promote a variety of benefits for plants. The kelp is harvested in a responsible manner and due to kelp's growth rate it is a highly renewable and ample source. Growth enhancement has been attributed to the presence of plant growth regulators (plant hormones). Ascophyllum is loaded with auxin, growth stimulants and amino acids – all of which help promote root growth and build cell wall strength. Kelp Treatment is administered throughout the year to optimize the benefits.

Kelp Treatment

Benefits of Kelp (seaweed extract)

Kelp's many benefits include an effective method proven helpful in combating plant stress. Seaweed extract is a good source of potassium, and contains the many micro-nutrients that plants need for optimal health. Kelp will also help promote root growth and build cell wall strength. Why is cell wall strength important? Strong cell walls resist disease, ward off insects, and retain water more effectively. All these improvements promote chlorophyll production, cell division and elongation and increase cell wall permeability. Seaweed extract is valued for its ability to encourage trees and shrubs to more effectively draw nutrients from soil and fertilizers. As an example of the enhancement; compare drinking out of a coffee stir for a long period of time and then suddenly you're given a normal straw. The amount of flow and volume is increased exponentially. The kelp is a soil conditioner that also stimulates the soils bacteria which increases the fertility of the soil and also moisture retention. The cation exchange capacity (CEC) can be improved increasing the likelihood of nutrients being grabbed. After your plants receive the Kelp Treatment you will likely see your plants have darker green foliage, larger more compact root system, increased flower production and enhanced color and bloom over a period of time. It’s best to keep plants in vigorous state of health so they are able to fight off insects, disease and maintain their optimal health.

List of benefits from using our Kelp Treatment Program:

  1. Promotes plant growth and vigorous root system
  2. Increases the ability to tolerate and recover from stress
  3. Increases cell wall permeability
  4. Increases translocation of water
  5. Stimulates cell division and elongation
  6. Promotes chlorophyll production
  7. Larger root system
  8. Darker green foliage
  9. Increase flower production
  10. Enhance color and bloom
  11. Advantageous for new transplants
  12. Fruit less prone to softening and grow larger

We provide the applications up to three visits yearly. Call us to help increase your tree and shrubs ability to tolerate and recover from stress.

If you have any questions, or you are interested in any of our tree services, please contact us at 877-308-8733, or request a free consultation. We look forward to hearing from you! Request Kelp Treatment Appointment

Request Kelp Treatment

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