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Carpenter Costin Blog

Controlling and Preventing Winter Moths

What Are Winter Moths?

Winter moths are invasive pests, originating from Europe and Western Asia. These insects were first found in North America in the 1930s; however, their population in Massachusetts exploded, causing home owners, property managers, and arborists’ tremendous stress, as winter moth larvae shredded and stripped the leaves off of their variety of deciduous trees.

Winter Moth Appearance

winter-moth-caterpillar-c-milan-zubrik-forest-research-institute-slovakia-bugwood.org

The winter moth larvae are pale green caterpillars with white stripes that run down either side of their body. The male winter moth have a light tan color, with four elongated wings that encompass their bodies. The wings of males gives them a “furry” look. Female winter moths have a grey color, as well as tiny scales that give off that furry look just like the males. Unlike the males, the females are incapable of flight.

Dangers of the Winter Moth

Winter moths are only dangerous to your trees in the larval, or caterpillar stage; however, you can treat for them in both the egg and caterpillar stage with either spray or injection treatments. The larvae or caterpillars once hatched will scale the trees searching for fresh buds and leaves they can start devouring. Once they find their fresh bud they wriggle between the scales of the newly blooming buds and begin feeding on the flower and foliar buds from within. The caterpillars don’t stop and will continue to migrate from bud to bud devouring as much as they can. Large populations can quickly defoliate trees which can result in limb or tree failure. Once the caterpillars become mature they drop to the ground and envelope themselves in a soft, wooly cocoon for pupation. When they finish pupation, they emerge from the soil throughout November and December but if the temperature remains mild they can be active into January.

Common Tree Hosts for the Winter Moth

  • Oak Tree

  • Maple Tree

  • Cherry Trees

  • Ash Tree

  • White Elm Tree

  • Spruce Trees

  • Crabapple and Apple Trees

Prevention and Management Winter Moth

Winter Moths Can Be Controlled and Prevented

Let’s consider the calendar year here in Massachusetts. If we’re experiencing an average year temperature wise, you can expect winter moth eggs to begin hatching between late March and the third week in April. If we’re having an unusually warm late winter and early spring they will hatch sooner. Conversely, a colder winter and early spring will delay their hatching.

Winter Moth Prevention

It is best to prevent the pests from hatching with a horticultural oil treatment early in the spring. When the winter moths hatch they begin feasting on the budding leaves very early on, which can be extremely devastating to a tree. The winter moths will continue to feed and grow throughout the year. Treatments become more difficult as the winter moths grow, but it is still possible to control these pests. Spray or soil/trunk injection treatments with Spinosads and B.t.k can be used to defeat the caterpillars, which would otherwise feast on your leaves until dropping to the ground in May or June for the summer.

Treating and Controlling Winter Moth

In order to effectively treat winter moth, you first need to establish what stage the pests are in. Once you’ve identified the stage, then you can plan your treatment attack, but not without considering some other variables such as the size of tree to be treated, or proximity of homes or structures. These variables will help decide what type of treatment to use: topical spray application or injection treatment. For example, if you have an infested tree hanging over your swimming pool, you may want to consider an injection treatment.

It is important to treat for winter moths early in the year. Waiting until you physically see damage often means it is too late. Consider meeting with a Certified Arborist or Plant Health Expert in the late winter to discuss winter moth treatments.

If you have any questions or concerns about Winter Moth please contact us at 877-308-8733 or click the button below. 

request-a-winter-moth-consultation  

winter moth control

Pictured here are two examples of severe winter moth damage, with the culprit in the middle.

Editors Note: This post was originally published in March 2012 and has been revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Importance and Value of Trees Part 2

Personal & Mental Health Benefits

Trees Improve Our Health  

Trees can help us think better and feel better. There are studies that show that people with access to trees and forests have much better overall mental health and personal health. Here are a few topics we will talk about.

Forestry on state lands Dtop

Exposure to forests and trees:

  • Boosts the immune system
  • Reduces stress
  • Improves mood
  • Increases the ability to focus
  • Increases energy level
  • Improves sleep

Trees Help Boost our Immune System

While breathing fresh air outside, we breathe in phytoncides. Phytoncides are airborne chemicals that trees and plants give off which protect them from insects. According to ny.gov, people don't know that this airborne chemical contains antibacterial and anti-fungal qualities which helps them fight diseases, so when we breathe in these chemicals, our bodies respond by increasing the number of white blood cells which means we are able to fight off more virus-infected cells.

Trees Reduce Stress and Improve Your Mood

Canva - Person Walking Inside Forest

We all know one way or another that being surrounded by nature can make us feel good. Whether exercising in forests or simply looking at trees reduces blood pressure as well as the stress-related hormones cortisol and adrenaline. When listening to the sounds of the forests, the scent the trees give off and the fresh clean air it gives us a sense of comfort. According to Dr. Qing Li, in Japan they practice forest bathing or shinrin-yoku. Forest bathing is not exercise like hiking, it is just being surrounded by nature, using our senses of sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch. Researchers found when using the Profile of Mood States test after forest bathing trips it significantly decreased the scores for anxiety, depression, anger, confusion and fatigue.

Trees Help Increase Your Focus

Our lives are constantly busy with jobs, school, and socialization. When trying to focus on multiple activities or just one for a long period of time it can mentally drain us, which is known as Directed Attention Fatigue. According to nytimes' blog, there are two forms of attention: "directed" attention and "involuntary" attention. We use directed attention most of the time when we are working and studying, while involuntary attention is just an automatic response to certain events.

Canva - Person Holding and Reading Book during Daytime

Children and adults with ADHD show fewer symptoms when they have access to nature. Exposure to trees and nature aids concentration by reducing the mental fatigue. For more information on how trees helped with ADHD check out another nytimes post here

Trees Bring Community & Social Value

Tree plantings can provide an opportunity for community involvement and empowerment that will improve the quality of life in our neighborhoods. Trees are on our streets, apart of our parks, and in our backyards that create a peaceful, aesthetically pleasing environment. Ultra-violet rays are known for causing skin cancer. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Trees help shield from direct sunlight which in turn reduces the UV-B exposure by about 50%. Trees can provide protection for children at recess, playgrounds, or wherever children spend time outdoors. This increases our quality of life by bringing natural life and wildlife habitats into urban settings. 

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Trees as landmarks can give a neighborhood or town a new identity and encourage pride for their neighborhood. Trees can be used for Tree Houses for children or as a creative and spiritual inspiration for adults. Trees have provided an escape for us throughout the ages.

We tend to overlook the importance of trees and the positive effects that they bring us every single day. If we take care of our trees they will take care of us. For more information on the importance and value of trees check out our previous blog Importance and Value of Trees Part 1.

If you have any questions or are interested in any of our services please feel free to reach us at 877-308-8733.  All estimates are free of charge. We look forward to hearing from you!

Schedule a Free Consultation

Importance and Value of Trees Part 1

Ecological & Environmental Value

Trees and forests are constantly cleaning our air and improving the air quality. Trees absorb CO2 and other air pollutants by removing it from the air, storing it, then releasing oxygen back into the air. In one year, a mature tree can remove as much carbon dioxide as an automobile that drives 26,000 miles generates!

Trees Clean the Air & Provide Oxygen

As mentioned above, trees clean the air and convert it into oxygen which is a byproduct of producing the carbohydrates they require to grow. Proper oxygen levels are necessary for both humans and all other animals to live.

Healthy-trees-healthy-air-Nature-Conservancy


People living in heavily polluted cities are already going to extremes and buying oxygen tanks to help 

them breathe. In one year an acre of mature trees can provide enough oxygen for 18 people. Which is why a possible solution of simply planting enough new trees in and near these cities will help provide the extra needed oxygen and reduce local air pollution.

Rain forests have often been called the lungs of the earth because they produce so much of the worlds oxygen. Trees planted anywhere in the world are beneficial to everyone due to the global air currents which allow the oxygen produced to circulate around the world!

Trees remove odors, pollutant gases like nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and ozone. Trees filter the particulates out of the air by trapping it on their bark and leaves. The chemicals within the trees go through a series of biochemical reactions which can convert them into non-harmful compounds.

Trees Cool the Streets and the City

Canva - City Landscape

On the streets and in the cities, the sun can cause buildings and pavements to hold heat and raise the temperatures. A decline in tree coverage over the years will cause the heat-absorbing roads to absorb more sunlight and in turn increase the temperature.

Trees remove humid haze which is a combination of air pollution and water particles suspended in the air.

Humid haze has many negative impacts including:

  • Traps in heat
  • Reduces visibility
  • Causes respiratory distress

Due to the small size of air pollution particles they remain dispersed rather than collecting into droplets to form clouds and rain. Large forests can dramatically reduce these hazes by giving off water vapor along with bacteria that trigger the humid hazes to form into clouds. The pollution and water then rains down into the forests where the trees and soil microorganisms break most of the pollutants down.

Trees Conserve Energy and Save Water

Trees placed strategically around your home can conserve energy needed for summer air conditioning by 30%. By reducing the energy demand for cooling in the summer, we reduce carbon dioxide and other pollution emissions from power plants. Shade from trees slows water evaporation from thirsty lawns. Newly planted trees need only fifteen gallons of water a week. As trees transpire, they increase atmospheric moisture.

Trees planted around homes will block winter winds and help reduce heating costs!

Trees Help Prevent Water Pollution

Canva - Green Trees Surrounding Lake

Trees reduce runoff by breaking rainfall which allows the water to flow down the trunk and is absorbed into the ground below the tree instead of carrying pollutants to the ocean. When the tree is mulched properly the trees act as a sponge and filters the water naturally and recharges groundwater supplies. Trees on hillsides or stream slopes slow runoff and hold the soil in place.

Trees Help Prevent Soil Erosion and Dust Storms

There are places around the world where all the original plant life has been cleared and the exposed soil has turned to dust. Without trees and vegetation to slow down the winds, hold the soil in place, and keep the soil moist, winds pick up dust and carry it hundreds of miles.

Dust storms have become big problems in areas without plant or tree cover. These dust storms cover everything in fine dust which cause mechanical failures, lung problems, loss of visibility and a number of other problems including the spread of disease.

Replanting trees in these areas of very few trees and vegetation can help make the soil healthy and moist again. This helps prevent dust storms as well as rebuilding healthy ecosystems.

Trees Provide Food and Habitat for Wildlife

Canva - Close-up Photo of Brown and Gray 4-legged Animal Stands on Gray Tree Trunk

Wherever trees are planted, wildlife and other plants are sure to follow. Trees provide food and shelter for a variety of birds, small animals and other plants. Flowers, fruits, leaves, buds, and woody parts of trees are used by many different species of animals. Each tree species has its own benefits. For example, Sycamore and Oak trees are among the many urban species that provide excellent urban homes for birds, bees, possums and squirrels.

Interested in learning more about the importance and value of trees? 

Check out our following post, "Importance and Value of Trees Part 2"

 

If you have any questions or concerns or are interested in any of our services please contact us at 877-308-8733.

Schedule a Free Consultation

Reasons For Pruning Trees and Shrubs

Pruning your trees and shrubs is definitely something you should be doing if you want them to be happy and healthy. If you are not already pruning your trees and shrubs or have trees and shrubs that have not been inspected or pruned before. Contact an arborist to come inspect your trees and property for a free consultation. In this post we will going over the basics of pruning your trees and shrubs.

Tracked Lift Tight Space Pruning TreeReasons To Prune Your Trees and Shrubs

  • Prune for Tree and Plant Health
  • Prune to maintain intended purposes for your landscape
  • Prune to improve appearance/aesthetics
  • Prune for the safety of people and your property

Prune For Tree Health and Plant Health

  • Remove dead or dying branches that were or are injured by disease, insect infestation, animals, storms, or other adverse mechanical damage
  • Remove branches that rub together
  • Remove branch stubs

Prune To Maintain Intended Purposes for Your Landscape

Pruning can be done in order to encourage flower and fruit development, maintain a dense hedge, and to help maintain or promote a desired plant or tree form/shape.

Prune To Improve Appearance/Aesthetics

For most landscapes, a plant or tree's natural form is best but the appearance in the landscape can be essential in the tree or plants usefulness. You want to prune to:

  • Control plant size and shape
  • Keep shrubby evergreens well-proportioned and dense
  • Remove unwanted branches, waterspouts, suckers and undesirable fruiting structures that detract from plant appearance

Prune For The Safety of People and Property

Trees can have hazardous branches or dead branches over a period of time especially after heavy winds or snow storms. With hazardous branches it is best to remove them before a storm to ensure the safety of your property and family.

To prune for safety you want to remove dead branches, prune out weak tree branches that overhang homes, garages, sidewalks, or any place where a falling limb could injury someone walking underneath. *Eliminate branches that interfere with street lights, traffic signals and overhead wires.*

*DO NOT try and prune near electrical or utility wires. You need to contact the utility companies or a city maintenance worker to handle this issue.

If you have any questions or concerns please contact us at 877-308-8733.

Renovate Your Lawn For Optimal Health

Overview

Lawn renovation is important to keep your lawn strong, healthy and lush. The healthier your lawn the easier it is to keep weeds from growing. In this post we will go over two of the main cultural practices; core aeration and over seeding and when you should have them done.

Core Aeration Process and Results

Aeration-Illustration-01-1024x683-e1527629607122

Core Aeration is the process in which a machine pulls out plugs of soil. The result is small holes which allow air, water and nutrients to reach the turf roots. The soil plugs are left on the lawn which then break down naturally. When the turf roots receive more air, water and nutrients they are able to produce a much more vigorous lawn.

The main reason to aerate your lawn is to reduce soil compaction. Soil compaction is a form of soil degradation. When the soil is compacted it compresses the soil and limits the amount of air and water available to the roots of the turf.

When Should You Aerate Your Lawn?

When to aerate your lawn is the big question. Should you do it in the spring? Summer? or Fall? The answer is anytime during the growing season. This is because during the growing season you will allow the turf roots to expand into growth spaces created during the core aeration process. All lawns need yearly aeration. No aeration can cause compaction issues and a struggling lawn in the future.

Over Seeding

Overseeding

Over seeding is the application of seed over existing lawns to improve the density. Although it seems simple, there is some specifications that you'll want to know when deciding when to over seed.

When Should You Over Seed?

The ideal time to over seed your lawn is in the fall. The reason is that in the fall the soil is still warm but the air is cooler. When the air is cooler and soil is just warm there are fewer weeds for the new grass to compete with.

Signs your lawn needs overseeding:

  • Brown spots spreading across your lawn.
  • You haven't overseeded in the past few years.
  • Your lawn has thin spots or bare areas

It is far more cost effective and efficient to over seed than to remove the existing turf and install a new lawn from seed or sod.

Our lawn care experts can advise you on these cultural practices, and provide the necessary services to improve the health and beauty of your lawn. Please inquire for a free consultation with one of our lawn care pros, and get your lawn looking healthy, lush and strong!

Consult With A Turf Pro

Contact us at 877-308-8733 or info@carpentercostin.net

Decline of Eastern White Pine in Eastern Massachusetts

Background on Eastern White Pine Trees

Eastern White Pine 2

The Eastern white pine tree was designated as the official state tree of Maine in 1945, which has been coined as the “The Pine Tree State” and appears on Maine’s state flag and seal. In 1955, the state of Michigan also chose the Eastern white pine to be their official state tree as a symbol of their logging history. The Eastern white pine is considered to be one of the largest conifer trees in the north eastern United States. Since 2009, the Eastern white pine has been experiencing dieback and general decline, which is a great concern regarding one of the most economically valuable and ecologically important forest trees in the northeast. Recently, the University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst) posted information that begins to explain the reason for these symptoms of decline. According Dr. Nick Brazee, a plant pathologist at the UMass Amherst, it is a combination of climate change, several fungal pathogens, and a particular species of insects that are responsible for the decline in the Eastern white pines.

White Pine Needle Drop (WPND)

Disease is primarily responsible for the symptoms of declining pines, namely premature needle drop, yellowing of needles, resinosis, dieback of canopy, and branch and tree death. WPND is caused by several fungal pathogens. Once you see the needles begin to become discolored (yellow/brown), it is usually the cause of the root pathogens due to it affecting the entirety of the tree. At the same time, the environment for spore activity and germination has been fueled by the increase in temperatures and precipitation in the northeast region of the United States.

Caliciopsis Canker & Bast Scale

Caliciopsis Pine Canker Jen WeimerAnother fungus and insect complex that is also partially responsible for the dieback of Eastern white pines are the caliciopsis canker and white pine bast scale. Bast scale is tiny, black, oval-shaped scales that lack both eyes and legs. Bast scale use a long stylet to drain sap from outer layers of phloem (tissue) of twigs and branches. White pine bast scales live under lichens, which are slow growing plants that form crusty leaf-like growth on rocks and trees. These have been found on white pine branches. 

Recently, the white pine bast scale has been identified as a catalyst for the development of caliciopsis canker in white pine trees. Although the bast scale causes almost no damage to the tree, the feeding areas that they produce are extremely conducive to the development of caliciopsis cankers in trees. The primary problem with an outbreak of caliciopsis cankers is that they cause dead areas in the tree’s tissue and as more cankers develop, the affected branches will eventually be unable to disperse the water into the foliage and in which case, the tree will die. Root rot diseases can also affect the dieback of white pines, and will be addressed in a future post.

Ways to Manage White Pine Needle Drop

Young White Pine

In conclusion, tree thinning, or selective removal of branches, of existing white pines aids in the reduction of WPND by increasing radial growth, promoting crown vigor, and an overall general reduction in WPND. Many arborists have also found that fertilizing the tree with nitrogen can help to restore vigor, especially to trees highly stressed from WPND. Fungicide applications are often impractical for large trees or multiple trees, but focused applications on specimen or very young white pines can be helpful to control WPND. It has become clear that the issues affecting white pines are not going away any time soon, but can be controlled using an experienced, dedicated team of arborists.

If you have any questions, or you are interested in any of our tree services, please contact us at 877-308-8733, or request a free consultation. We look forward to hearing from you!

Request A Free Consultation

Bob Lees, MCLP

Photo of Caliciopsis Canker Courtesy of Jen Weimer

Kelp Treatment For Your Trees!

A New Way To Promote Healthy Trees & Shrubs

Treat Your Trees With Kelp!

Are your trees and shrubs looking stressed from the weather we have been having? Are they not blooming or vibrant in color like they used to? Consider an all-natural bio-stimulant treatment to boost growth and to promote optimal health. A soil drench of our kelp treatment can help add over 50 vitamins and minerals. Kelp contains almost every micro-nutrient in a fully chelated (immediately available) form. The algae is also full of carbohydrates, which plants use as building blocks of plant cells and are essential for plant growth. We only use the kelp species Ascophyllum nodosum, which is found only in the Atlantic Ocean. This species of kelp is known to contain the highest concentrations of micro-nutrients (magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, etc...), and is the most desirable kelp used in the organic plant health industry.

The Kelp Process

How can you spray, inject or drench a plant with Kelp? Good question! What happens is that the kelp is collected from the Atlantic Ocean which is then washed to remove salt, and then it is dried and turned into a powder. This powder is then used to create a liquid that we are able to spray, inject and drench with. Kelp has naturally occurring plant growth hormones known as gibberellins and cytokines. These hormones help promote a variety of benefits for plants. The kelp is harvested in a responsible manner and due to kelp's growth rate it is a highly renewable and ample source. Growth enhancement has been attributed to the presence of plant growth regulators (plant hormones). Ascophyllum is loaded with auxin, growth stimulants and amino acids – all of which help promote root growth and build cell wall strength. Kelp Treatment is administered throughout the year to optimize the benefits.

Kelp Treatment

Benefits of Kelp (seaweed extract)

Kelp's many benefits include an effective method proven helpful in combating plant stress. Seaweed extract is a good source of potassium, and contains the many micro-nutrients that plants need for optimal health. Kelp will also help promote root growth and build cell wall strength. Why is cell wall strength important? Strong cell walls resist disease, ward off insects, and retain water more effectively. All these improvements promote chlorophyll production, cell division and elongation and increase cell wall permeability. Seaweed extract is valued for its ability to encourage trees and shrubs to more effectively draw nutrients from soil and fertilizers. As an example of the enhancement; compare drinking out of a coffee stir for a long period of time and then suddenly you're given a normal straw. The amount of flow and volume is increased exponentially. The kelp is a soil conditioner that also stimulates the soils bacteria which increases the fertility of the soil and also moisture retention. The cation exchange capacity (CEC) can be improved increasing the likelihood of nutrients being grabbed. After your plants receive the Kelp Treatment you will likely see your plants have darker green foliage, larger more compact root system, increased flower production and enhanced color and bloom over a period of time. It’s best to keep plants in vigorous state of health so they are able to fight off insects, disease and maintain their optimal health.

List of benefits from using our Kelp Treatment Program:

  1. Promotes plant growth and vigorous root system
  2. Increases the ability to tolerate and recover from stress
  3. Increases cell wall permeability
  4. Increases translocation of water
  5. Stimulates cell division and elongation
  6. Promotes chlorophyll production
  7. Larger root system
  8. Darker green foliage
  9. Increase flower production
  10. Enhance color and bloom
  11. Advantageous for new transplants
  12. Fruit less prone to softening and grow larger

We provide the applications up to three visits yearly. Call us to help increase your tree and shrubs ability to tolerate and recover from stress.

If you have any questions, or you are interested in any of our tree services, please contact us at 877-308-8733, or request a free consultation. We look forward to hearing from you! Request Kelp Treatment Appointment

Request Kelp Treatment

Invasive Vines: Black Swallow-Wort

What is Black Swallow-Wort?

Black swallow-wort and it’s “twin” Pale swallow-wort are two invasive vines currently growing in New England, and are deemed invasive in Massachusetts and Connecticut. These herbaceous, twining vines grow three to six feet, with opposite, shiny leaves 2” to 4” long. 

imageThe flowers on swallow-wort are dark, usually purple black on Black, and Maroon on Pale swallow-wort, and produces seedpods 1.5” to 3” long, bearing numerous seeds. Due to a strong fibrous root system, eradication by digging is difficult, as plants can regenerate from root fragments.  A healthy stand of swallow-wort may produce between 1000 and 2000 seeds per square meter, per year, depending on sunlight. Swallow-worts grow in full sun to partial shade, and are more invasive in full sunlight.

Problems Black Swallow-wort Cause

Black Swallow-wort and Pale Swallow-wort invade planting beds, climbing up your trees and shrubs and even under your storm windows. According to, http://nyis.info/invasive_species/swallow-wort/ they are two distinct species but share similar characteristics. A similar characteristic that they both share is that they are both perennial climbing vines. Which means that they don't just die over time, they just keep reoccurring through the thousands of seeds they produce. Once the Black Swallow-wort settles in, they form extensive patches that overgrow and smother the native vegetation.

How Invasive Vines affect Monarch Butterflies

Besides its ability to displace native plants, swallow-worts are also interfering with the reproductive success of the Monarch Butterfly, and possibly other species as well. 

Monarchs normally lay their eggs on native milkweeds, which are disappearing due to competitive pressure from swallow-worts. In addition, Monarch eggs which are laid on Black swallow-wort have nearly 0% hatching success. This is because when the larvae are born they can't ingest or use the toxin that is in either the Black Swallow-wort or the Pale Swallow-wort in which they won't be able to survive. 

How to control Black Swallow-wort

Control is particularly difficult, because of the rhizome root system and fibrous root. Early detection and physical removal is recommended as the best control method. It is crucial to dig out the roots completely. Chemical methods are rarely 100% effective, and there is no biological control at present. Being able to identify and remove the individuals before they seed and spread is an important tool in the effort to stop the species.

If you have any questions, or you are interested in any of our tree services, please contact us at 877-308-8733, or request a free consultation. We look forward to hearing from you!

Request A Free Consultation

Photo courtesy of Becky Gallery, Harpswell Heritage Land Trust

Sycamore Anthracnose Defoliates Trees

We have seen widespread defoliation of Sycamore trees this year due to Sycamore Anthracnose.

Sycamore Tree with Anthracnose

A picture of a Sycamore that has been affected by Sycamore Anthracnose

For those of you who do not know what Sycamore Anthracnose is, it is a fungal pathogen that is generally related to wet spring weather. Unfortunately wet spring weather is what we have been seeing a lot of. It infects newly developing shoots and leaves causing the buds to have very slow development to leaf out in the spring, or in some cases never leaf out. 

Signs and Symptoms of Sycamore Anthracnose

Infecting the vascular system of a tree this fungal disease attacks buds, leaves and twigs, defoliating the trees and damaging the small branches. Sycamore Anthracnose spreads from an infected tree to healthy ones when its fungal spores are transported by the wind. 

Sycamore Tree Branches with Anthracnose

Signs that a Sycamore tree is suffering from this disease:

  • Leaf blight or defoliation early in the summer
  • Twisted or gnarled branches or twigs
  • Formations of dead or dying twigs and small branches also called "witches brooms"
  • Lesions on leaves that are black or brown in color
  • Sunken cankers on younger twigs or small branches

 Managing Sycamore Anthracnose

From what we see these trees should re-foliate this year. In order to really get a handle on this disease to make sure it does not spread to a healthy tree. We recommend looking into some treatment plans.

Deep root fertilization is recommended to help invigorate trees as they have been stressed by the Anthracnose. This will give the tree the push it needs to flush new growth along with the help of warmer and drier weather. 

Early season treatment with fungicide applications or injection can help manage this disease. Contact an arborist today to come assess your trees and see what treatment would be best for you. 

If you have any questions, or you are interested in any of our tree services, please contact us at 877-308-8733, or request a free consultation. We look forward to hearing from you!

Request A Free Consultation

Extreme Spring Weather Causing Extreme Plant Response

Weeping Cherry Trees Negatively Affected

As many of you have already noticed we have not been having the beautiful spring weather we deserve. This gloomy, cold and rainy weather is causing issues for our trees and plants in our area. 

According to Jackie Carroll's article on Gardeningknowhow.com, she explains that Weeping Cherry Trees "grow and bloom best in full sun, but they tolerate light shade". Without well drained soil these trees are more prone to rot which is what we have been seeing this season. A Weeping Cherry Tree should look like the picture below during the spring with the pink flowers.

Weeping Cherry Tree Bloom 2

With the lack of sunlight this spring along with constant cold and wet weather it has caused plants to develop tender soft growth. The other picture is an example of what Weeping Cherry Trees we have been seeing in our area due to the "not so nice" weather. This is what they will look like when they defoliate earlier than the norm. This DOES NOT mean your tree is dying. Although, it is more vulnerable to plant diseases, especially fungus diseases. 

Weeping Cherry Trees across north shore

More issues you may see during this summer caused by this weather:

  • Leaves may brown and have damage
  • Barks of trees may develop oozing cankers
  • The Holly leaves may drop early
  • Tar spots on Maple trees

How to Manage Fungus Disease on Your Trees

With all this negative talk about how our trees and plants will be affected, what can we do about it?

Unfortunately with fungus diseases there is not much you can do to prevent it. Once found, there are different treatment plans that can take care of it. This would be a time to contact a certified arborist to come take a look and give you the run down on what treatments would be best for your tree or shrub. 

 

If you have any questions, or you are interested in any of our tree services, please contact us at 877-308-8733, or request a free consultation. We look forward to hearing from you!

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